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What is skin cancer and its symptoms?

Skin cancer is one of the most dangerous cancerous diseases that a patient is exposed to, affecting his condition and life. Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, for example, due to excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. According to the cancer website, the types of skin cancer are:

There are three main types of skin cancer:

1: Basal cell carcinoma.

2: squamous cell carcinoma.

3: Skin cancer, the most dangerous type of skin cancer.

Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are known as non-melanoma skin cancer or keratinocyte carcinomas, and keratinocyte carcinoma is more common in men, with approximately twice the incidence of it than in women.

Melanoma is the third most common cancer in Australians with the exception of keratinocyte carcinomas where data on incidence is not routinely collected.

Skin cancer symptoms

The sooner skin cancer is identified and treated, the better your chance of avoiding surgery or in the case of serious skin cancer or other skin cancer, possible disfigurement or even death. It's also a good idea to talk to your doctor about your risk level and for advice on early detection.

Be aware of the appearance of your skin, especially spots and moles, so you can catch any changes that may indicate skin cancer.

searching for:

Any crusty sores that do not heal

Small lumps that are red, pale, or pearly in color

New spots, freckles, or any moles that change color, thickness or shape over weeks to months.

Causes of skin cancer

There is no specific cause of skin cancer, but there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing it, including:

1: sunstroke.

2: Leather tanning.

3: lie in the sun.

Skin cancer diagnosis

It is important to check your skin regularly and consult your doctor if you notice any changes. In most cases, your doctor will examine you, paying attention to any points that may appear suspicious. Your doctor may do a biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope), and in some cases, may Your GP will refer you to a specialist, such as a dermatologist, if necessary.

skin cancer treatment

Skin cancers are almost always removed. In more advanced skin cancers, some surrounding tissue may also be removed to make sure all of the cancer cells have been removed.

The most common treatment for skin cancer is surgery to remove the cancer, usually under a local anesthetic. Common skin cancers can be treated with ointments or radiotherapy (radiotherapy). Skin cancers can also be removed with cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen to quickly freeze the cancer, scraping or cauterization (burn).